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This article explores history of the conflict between homosexuality and the church from an objective perspective. I thought it was interesting that the article provides a detailed observation of social and economic situation, such as class conflict, and how they may have contributed to a conflict that continues today. For instance, contrary to modern beliefs that Christian teachings are against homosexuality, early church was against all forms of sexual expression. I thought it was a unique interpretation of homophobia in Christianity that exists in current literature.
This article refers to the globalization of religion, specifically Christianity, and a common response elicited by such a phenomenon. The author cites many homophobic responses around the world-and analyzes the "central theme" of such responses-where the western civilization is seen as the evil that enforces sin in the form of 'homosexuality'. Many conservative Christians in South Korea have similar sentiments, and I thought it was interesting that many churches around the world voice similar opinions.
Continuing from the perspective that western civilization created homosexuality, this article was enlightening in revealing indigenous cultures in Korea before establishment of Christianity. This article explored ancient Korean poems that extolled the beauty of a man and a culture that acknowledged existence of male prostitutes. It made me reevaluate homophobia that exists in South Korea, that Christianity most likely had a big influence in spread of such an idea. Moreover, the article is very optimistic of increase in tolerance of homosexuality in Korea.
This study provided experimental results that supports an idea that religion promotes self-control during stressful and challenging situations. I thought this article was one-sided because it supports the idea that religion asserts certain behaviors should be repressed, yet only positive effects of the suppression in the form of self-control is highlighted in the article and ignores potential harmful effects in enforcing certain ideas.
This article was interesting in that it draws a unique perspective toward effects of anger. The author specifically points out that when people are angry, a sense of superiority sets in. Anger impacts judgment, and people start to think they are more capable and insightful than others. I thought this idea supported the reason why conflict between homosexuality and the church has continued through centuries; sense of superiority and bias has fueled each side to continue to support their own side without making concessions.
This study explored effects of positive and negative emotions on group affective tone, or "consistent or homogeneous affective reactions within a group" in generalized groups. The article briefly describes an experiment between two groups where negative emotion such as envy weakened cohesiveness among group members. The article mentioned that more research should be conducted within specific types of groups to explore how negative/positive emotions influence group members and performance.
This article focuses on a relationship between emotions and political sentiment. The experiment focus on three negative emotions-hatred, anger, and fear-and examine how they predict political intolerance in Israel. The article refers to an argument made by Rahn, where "'public mood' in political reasoning is much more substantial among the less politically informed than among more sophisticated individuals' (Rahn, 99). The experiment found that hatred had a stronger influence on political intolerance than anger, and stressed feelings of threat posed by the opposing party was the most important predictor of intolerance.